In four of the six largely Christian nations included in the study, most say they have a positive opinion of Muslims. The exceptions are Germany (45% favorable) and Spain (37%), although views toward Muslims have improved in both countries since 2006.
Muslim views toward Christians vary considerably across countries. In Lebanon, which has a large Christian population, nearly all Muslims (96%) express a positive view of Christians. Narrow majorities of Jordanian (57%), and Indonesian (52%) Muslims also
give Christians a favorable rating, while in Egypt — which has recently experienced violence between elements of its Muslim and Christian communities — views are divided
(48% favorable; 47% unfavorable).
Meanwhile, very few Muslims in Pakistan (16%) or Turkey (6%) have a positive opinion of Christians.
Ratings for Jews are uniformly low in the predominantly Muslim nations surveyed — in all seven of these nations, less than 10% have a positive opinion of Jews. Indeed, outside of Indonesia, less than 5% offer a positive opinion.
Among Israel’s minority Muslim community, however, views are divided: 48% express a positive opinion of Jews, while 49% offer a negative opinion. In contrast, only 9% of Israeli Jews have a positive view of Muslims. Christians receive somewhat higher ratings among Israeli Muslims (67% favorable) than among Israeli Jews (51%).